The Race for 100 Smart Cities of India–Framework

The Race for 100 Smart Cities of India–Framework

The second part of the blog on smart cities of India looks at international and national frameworks for smart cities.

International Frameworks

The following are some of the currently available frameworks with respect to smart cities.

  1. CISCO IBSG 2012 – The four layers of the framework provide a logical flow that enables stakeholders to “push” through and test initiatives. The four layers of the framework are as follows.

            i.Layer 1: City objectives – Social, Environmental and Economic.

            ii.Layer 2: City Indicators – Appropriate and matching

            iii.Layer 3: City Components namely utilities, transportation, real estate, city                             services

            iv.Layer 4: City Content – Best practices and policy example

  1. The British Standards Institution (2014) – The Smart City Framework (SGC) focuses on the enabling processes by which innovative use of technology and data, coupled with organizational change, can help deliver the diverse visions for future UK cities in more efficient, effective and sustainable ways.
  2. IIS-DB. Stanford (2012) – The case study framework examines six different domains (Smart City Governance; Smart City Infra. Integration; Intelligence&Sustainability; Urban Openness; Service Innovation and Collaborative Partnerships) from 18 perspectives.
  3. Smart Cities Council – The frame work is a matrix of 7 technology enablers (instrumentation and control; connectivity; interoperability; security and privacy; data management; computing resources and analytics) vs. 9 city responsibilities (universal aspects; built environment; energy; telecommunications; transportation; water and waste water; health and human services; public safety and payments).
  4. South Korea –It is based on Integrated Service Management Platform (ISMP) system was created which consists of 3 layers: service, middle ware, and infrastructure

 Indian Frameworks

All India Institute of Local Self Government, Mumbai – The themes of the AIILSG framework include a) Performance Assessment Systems (PAS); b) City Indicators; c) Mumbai Transformation Support Unit (MTSU); d) Capacity Building for Smart Cities and e) Physical and Information Security Academy.

MoUD Framework: The draft Concept noteof MoUD has put forward a) parameters and b) benchmarks for smart cities, which are presented below.

S. No.

Parameter

Benchmark

1

Transport
  • Maximum travel time of 30 minutes in small & medium size cities and 45 minutes in metropolitan areas
  • Continuous unobstructed footpath of minimum 2m wide on either side of all street with RoW 12m or more
  • Dedicated and physically segregated bicycle tracks with a width of 2mor more, one in each direction, should be provided on all streets with carriageway larger than 10m (not ROW)
  • High quality and high frequency mass transport within 800m(10-15 minute walking distance) of all residences in areas over 175persons / ha of built area
  • Access to para-transit within 300m walking distance

2

Spatial Planning
  • 175 persons per Ha along transit corridors.
  • 95% of residences should have daily needs retail, parks, primary schools and recreational areas accessible within 400m walking distance
  • 95% residences should have access to employment and public and institutional services by public transport or bicycle or walk
  • At least 20% of all residential units to be occupied by economically weaker sections in each Transit Oriented Development Zone 800m from Transit Stations
  • At least 30% residential and 30% commercial/institutional in every TOD Zone within 800m of Transit Stations
3 Water Supply
  • 24 x 7 supply of water
  • 100% household with direct water supply connections
  • 135 liters of per capita supply of water
  • 100% metering of water connections
  • 100% efficiency in collection of water related charges
4 Sewerage & Sanitation
  • 100% households should have access to toilets
  • 100% schools should have separate toilets for girls Updated on 25.09.2014 – Work still in Progress 29 Sanitation
  • 100% households should be connected to the waste water network
  • 100% efficiency in the collection and treatment of waste water
  • 100% efficiency in the collection of sewerage network
5

Solid Waste Management

  • 100% households are covered by daily door-step collection system.
  • 100% collection of municipal solid waste
  • 100% segregation of waste at source, i.e. bio-degradable and non-degradable waste
  • 100% recycling of solid waste
6 Storm Water Drainage
  • 100% coverage of road network with storm water drainage network
  • Aggregate number of incidents of water logging reported in a Year = 0
  • 100% rainwater harvesting
7 Electricity
  • 100% households have electricity connection
  • 24 x 7 supply of electricity
  • 100% metering of electricity supply
  • 100% recovery of cost
  • Tariff slabs that work towards minimizing waste
8 Telephone connections
  • 100% households have a telephone connection including mobile
9 Wi-Fi Connectivity
  • 100% of the city has Wi-Fi connectivity  100 Mbps internet speed
10 Health Care Facilities
  • Availability of telemedicine facilities to 100% residents
  • 30 minutes emergency response time
  • 1 dispensary for every 15,000 residents
  • Nursing home, child, welfare and maternity, center – 25 to 30 beds per lakh population
  • Intermediate Hospital (Category B) – 80 beds per lakh population
  • Intermediate Hospital (Category A) – 200 beds per lakh population
  • Multi-Specialty Hospital – 200 beds per lakh population
  • Specialty Hospital – 200 beds per lakh population
  • General Hospital – 500 beds per lakh population
  • Family Welfare Centre for every 50,000 residents
  • 1 Diagnostic center for every 50,000 residents
  • 1 Veterinary Hospital for every 5 lakh residents
  • 1 Dispensary for pet for every 1 lakh residents
  • Area equivalent to 15% of residential area for building hospitals
11 Education
a Pre Primary to Secondary Education
  • 1 Pre Primary/ Nursery School for every 2,500 residents
  • 1 Primary School (class I to V) for every 5,000 residents
  • 1 Senior Secondary School (Cass VI to XII) for every 7,500 residents
  • 1 integrated school (Class I to XII) per lakh of population
  • 1 school for physically challenged for every 45,000 residents
  • 1 school for mentally challenged for 10 lakh population
b Higher Education
  • 1 college per 1.25 lakh population
  • 1 university
  • 1 technical education center per 10 lakh population
  • 1 engineering college per 10 lakh population
  • 1 medical college per 10 lakh population
  • 1 other professional college per 10 lakh population
  • 1 paramedical institute per 10 lakh population
  • 1 veterinary institute
12 Fire Fighting
  • 1 fire station per 2 lakh population / 5-7km radium
  • 1 sub – fire station with 3-4 km radius
13 Others
  • Use of renewable energy in all sectors
  • Rooftop solar panels on all public, institutional and commercial buildings as well as multistoried residential housings
  • Adherence to green building norms
  • Common ducting for all services
  • Double entry accounting on real time basis
  • 3D maps on GIS of property and all services – power, water supply, sewerage etc.
  • Cities to formulate building and parking standards

Source:

 Draft Concept Noteon Smart City Scheme. (http://www.indiansmartcities.in/downloads/CONCEPT_NOTE_LATEST_25914.pdf. Accessed on 16 Sept 2014)

The third part of the blog will look at rating of cities in India and what do we know about our cities with respect to the parameters and benchmarks listed out in the MoUD concept paper.

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