Smart Readiness of Indian Cities – Water Supply

Smart Readiness of Indian Cities – Water Supply

WHERE ARE OUR CITIES?

How close or far our cities are from the prescribed bench marks for smart cities by the MoUD? Such information in turn gives an indication of the gap to be filled with respect to various parameters and benchmarks of MoUD,which have been presented in the second part of this blog, and inputs required.

RATING OF OUR CITIES

During the last few years rating of Indian cities have been initiated/taken up on different parameters by various agencies. Details are given below.

  1. Ministry of Urban Development (MoUD)
    1. Credit Rating:MoUD has initiated credit rating of 65 Indian cities involving four agencies namely a) FITCH, b) CARE, c) CRISIL and d) ICRA.

Credit rating gives an indication of the credibility and ability of the city to raise/borrow finances, required for developing in to a smart city.

  1. Rapid Baseline Assessments (RBA): Under the World bank supported Capacity Building for Urban Development (CBUD) project RBA has been carried out for 30 cities from 19 states/UTs. Data on urban services namely a) water supply, b) sewerage and sanitation, c) solid waste management and d) storm water drainage, pertinent to the parameters and bench marks of smart cities cited in MoUD concept note is available from these reports.

Out of the 100 probable cities identified in part 1 of this blog, the above data is available for 22 cities.

  1. 2.      Institute for Competitiveness: It has brought out the following reports.
    1. City Competitiveness Report – This report is being brought out since, 2008. The latest report was in 2013.The rating is based on a) Infrastructure (financial, physical, communication, administrative, human capacity and innovation); b) Demand Conditions (demographics, income distribution); c) Competition (intensity and diversity of firms, business incentives) and d) Institutional Infrastructure (supplier sophistication, institutional support).
    2. b.      Livability Index – This report was being published since 2010. Latest report was in 2013. The index is based on diamond model of Professor Michael E. Porter of Harvard University. It covers 8 pillars namely a) demographic, b) education, c) health and medical standards, d) safety, e) housing option, f) socio-cultural-natural environment, g) economic environment and h) planned environment.

Some of the components refer to the parameters and benchmarks mentioned in the MoUD concept note on smart cities.

RATING OF CITIES?

Rating of some of the 100 probable smart cities,with respect to water supply is shown in the table given below.

Table 1: Ranking of Cities on Service Delivery Parameters – Water

S. No.

STATE

CITY

NUMBER

POPU-

WATER

OF HH

LATION

24×7

DIRECT

LPD

METERING

CHARGES

BENCHMARK

(Hours/day)

100%

135

100%

100%

1

J&K

Jammu

103025

502197

0.75 TO 1

59

85

1

44

2

Himachal Pradesh

Shimla

46306

169578

1.5

70

110-115

70

70

3

Chandigarh

Chandigarh

218087

961587

12 to 13

89

274

84

NA

4

Uttrakhand

Dehradun

124059

569578

6

48

120

8

94

 5

 UP

Allahabad

195259

1112544

10

73

253

1

73

Varanasi

190835

1198491

7 to 8

69

275

66

92

6

Sikkim

Gangtok

23773

100286

4

80

135

0

NA

7

Mizoram

Aizawl

60635

293416

1 TO 2

63

78

90

NA

8

Meghalaya

Shillong

31025

143229

2

84

125

0

NA

9

Assam

Guwahati

229718

957352

2 to 3

30

75

NA

NA

 10

 West Bengal

Siliguri

115957

513264

2

80

95

0

NA

 11

 Jharkhand

Ranchi

207636

1073427

4

33

229

34

 12

 Odisha

Cuttack

123034

610189

4 to 6

58.2

121

0

68

13

Chhattisgarh

Raipur

215227

1010433

3

31

60 to 65

0.2

67

 14

 MP

Jabalpur

219642

1055525

3

43

116

67

55

 15

 Maharashtra

Nagpur

527634

2405665

6

82

100 to 110

28

74

Solapur

188503

951558

2

42

133

0.4

34

16

Andhra Pradesh

Vishakhpatnam

439335

1728128

1

85

100 to 110

23

74

Guntur

163115

647508

1

59

98 to 100

3

77

 17

 Karnataka

Hubli-Dharwad

200418

943788

2 to 3

56

159

45

37

 18

 Kerala

Kollam

84088

348657

2 to 3

79

86

41

74

19

Goa

Panaji

10158

40017

2 to 18

100

260

100

NA

 Others

Bharuch

36064

169007

4

49

219

0

77

Chhindwara

29181

138291

0.75

62

87

0

72

Dewas

57397

289550

1

45

80 to 85

0

66

Haridwar

46694

228832

8

90

180

0

60

Kurukshetra

31689

155152

10

70

100

20

58.2

Puri

41140

200564

2

70

121

0

85

Udaipur

94704

451100

1.5 to 3

79

175

98

83

Yamunanagar

45275

216677

8 to 10

65

135

25

90

Source: http://jnnurm.nic.in/rapid-baseline-assessment-of-cbud-city.html 

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