Smart Readiness of Indian Cities – Sewerage and storm water

Smart Readiness of Indian Cities – Sewerage and storm water

 WHERE ARE OUR CITIES?

How close or far our cities are from the prescribed bench marks for smart cities by the MoUD? Such information in turn gives an indication of the gap to be filled with respect to various parameters and benchmarks of MoUD,which have been presented in the second part of this blog, and inputs required.

RATING OF OUR CITIES

During the last few years rating of Indian cities have been initiated/taken up on different parameters by various agencies. Details are given below.

  1. Ministry of Urban Development (MoUD)
    1. Credit Rating:MoUD has initiated credit rating of 65 Indian cities involving four agencies namely a) FITCH, b) CARE, c) CRISIL and d) ICRA.

Credit rating gives an indication of the credibility and ability of the city to raise/borrow finances, required for developing in to a smart city.

  1. Rapid Baseline Assessments (RBA): Under the World bank supported Capacity Building for Urban Development (CBUD) project RBA has been carried out for 30 cities from 19 states/UTs. Data on urban services namely a) water supply, b) sewerage and sanitation, c) solid waste management and d) storm water drainage, pertinent to the parameters and bench marks of smart cities cited in MoUD concept note is available from these reports.

Out of the 100 probable cities identified in part 1 of this blog, the above data is available for 22 cities.

  1. 2.      Institute for Competitiveness: It has brought out the following reports.
    1. City Competitiveness Report – This report is being brought out since, 2008. The latest report was in 2013.The rating is based on a) Infrastructure (financial, physical, communication, administrative, human capacity and innovation); b) Demand Conditions (demographics, income distribution); c) Competition (intensity and diversity of firms, business incentives) and d) Institutional Infrastructure (supplier sophistication, institutional support).
    2. b.      Livability Index – This report was being published since 2010. Latest report was in 2013. The index is based on diamond model of Professor Michael E. Porter of Harvard University. It covers 8 pillars namely a) demographic, b) education, c) health and medical standards, d) safety, e) housing option, f) socio-cultural-natural environment, g) economic environment and h) planned environment.

Some of the components refer to the parameters and benchmarks mentioned in the MoUD concept note on smart cities.

RATING OF CITIES?

Rating of some of the 100 probable smart cities, on sewerage and storm water is shown in the table given below.

Table 1: Ranking of Cities on Service Delivery Parameters – Sewerage and Storm Water

S. No.

STATE

CITY

SEWERAGE

STORM WATER

TOILETS

SEWERAGE

COVERAGE

WATER LOG

BENCHMARK

100

100%

100%

0

 1

 J&K

Jammu

NA

1

35

NA

2

Himachal Pradesh

Shimla

NA

70

30

NA

3

Chandigarh

Chandigarh

98.1

89

100

0

4

Uttrakhand

Dehradun

70

12

11

NA

 5

 UP

Allahabad

NA

20

25

NA

Varanasi

92

31

16

NA

6

Sikkim

Gangtok

NA

90

NA

NA

7

Mizoram

Aizawl

90

Nil

15

OCCURS

8

Meghalaya

Shillong

90

0

95

Qualitative info.

9

Assam

Guwahati

NA

NA

NA

Many

 10

 West Bengal

Siliguri

NA

0

11

NA

 11

 Jharkahnd

Ranchi

77

0

34

NA

 12

 Odisha

Cuttack

70

0.2

NA

NA

13

Chhattisgarh

Raipur

71

25

6

11

 14

 MP

Jabalpur

60

0

90

NA

 15

 Maharashtra

Nagpur

90

96

35

Maximum 45

Solapur

94

54

0

7

16

Andhra Pradesh

Vishakhpatnam

56

26

70

Maximum 10

Guntur

82

10

84

10 to 15

 17

 Karnataka

Hubli-Dharwad

55

28

49

NA

 18

 Kerala

Kollam

65

0

20

Maximum10

19

Goa

Panaji

NA

60

NA

NA

 Others

Bharuch

 NA

0

4

3

Chhindwara

 83

 0

NA

5 to 10

Dewas

 70

8

68

40%

Haridwar

 NA

73

50

12

Kurukshetra

 NA

50

10

NA

Puri

 57

0

4

3

Udaipur

 77

13

81

Maximum 3

Yamunanagar

NA

28

0

NA

Source:http://jnnurm.nic.in/rapid-baseline-assessment-of-cbud-city.html  

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