Open defecation leads to microbial contamination of land and water sources resulting in cumulative harm to health of people, hence hinders economic activity. The cost of inadequate sanitation in India was estimated at Rs. 2.44 trillion, based on the figures for 2006, which is equivalent to 6.4% of GDP*. The Government of India launched Total Sanitation Campaign (TSC) and initiated Nirmal Gram Puraskar (NGP) for villages achieving Open Defecation Free (OFD) status. » Read more..